How did the Great Depression affect Germany and the Nazi party?
The Great Depression was a contributing factor to dire economic conditions in Weimar Germany which led in part to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party. Within the United States, the repercussions of the crash reinforced and even strengthened the existing restrictive American immigration policy.
Why did the German economy collapse in 1929?
In 1929 as the Wall Street Crash led to a worldwide depression. Germany suffered more than any other nation as a result of the recall of US loans, which caused its economy to collapse. Unemployment rocketed, poverty soared and Germans became desperate.
When were the concentration camps discovered?
American army units were the first to discover such camps, when on they liberated the recently-abandoned slave labour camp at Ohrdruf, in Thuringia, Germany.
What political and economic problems did the Weimar Republic face?
The Weimar Government being a new and inexperienced government had to deal with the complex problem of economic depression. Hyperinflation occurred as the government made the mistake of too much money to pay reparations. The Weimar Republic had to figure out how to pay reparations.
What were three political problems in the Weimar Republic?
The Weimar Republic faced violent uprisings from various groups, not to mention devastating economic problems. Germany between 19 was in chaos. People were starving, the Kaiser had fled and people hated the government for signing the armistice in November 1918 – they called them the November criminals.
What were the main economic challenges facing the Weimar Republic when it was established?
Hyperinflation and the Fallout Despite its new constitution, the Weimar Republic faced one of Germany’s greatest economic challenges: hyperinflation. Thanks to the Treaty of Versailles, Germany’s ability to produce revenue-generating coal and iron ore decreased.
What were some weaknesses of the Weimar Republic?
Weaknesses of the Weimar RepublicAt the end of World War One, Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated and fled to Holland. Parliament was elected through a system of proportional representation. The German people had no tradition of parliamentary democracy – there was no general support for the new republic.
What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Weimar Republic?
The Weimar Republic was a genuine attempt to create a perfect democratic country. The Weimar Republic looked like the perfect democracy, but it had two great weaknesses – proportional representation and Article 48.
How was Article 48 a weakness?
Article 48 – This gave the president the power to act without parliament’s approval in an emergency. However, it did not clearly define what an ’emergency’ was, so the power was overused, which weakened Germans’ confidence in democracy.
Was the Weimar Constitution democratic?
On Aug, Friedrich Ebert, a member of the Social Democratic Party and the provisional president of the German Reichstag (government), signs a new constitution, known as the Weimar Constitution, into law, officially creating the first parliamentary democracy in Germany.
What was Article 48?
Article 48 of the constitution of the Weimar Republic of Germany (1919–1933) allowed the President, under certain circumstances, to take emergency measures without the prior consent of the Reichstag. This power was understood to include the promulgation of “emergency decrees (Notverordnungen)”.
What is the German Constitution called?
The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, literally Ground Rules for the Federal Republic of Germany) is the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.
What do you mean by the Weimar Constitution?
The Constitution of the German Reich (German: Die Verfassung des Deutschen Reichs), usually known as the Weimar Constitution (Weimarer Verfassung), was the constitution that governed Germany during the Weimar Republic era (1919–1933).
When did Germany become a democracy?
Why was the Weimar government unpopular?
The Weimar Republic was created at a time of confusion and chaos after Germany had lost World War One. Many Germans felt their country had received a very harsh deal in the Treaty of Versailles . They resented the government for agreeing to its conditions and signing it, even though they were forced to by the Allies .
What were the weaknesses of Weimar Republic 9?
The Weimar Republic looked like the perfect democracy, but it had two great weaknesses – proportional representation and Article 48.