What are the signs and symptoms of a gastrocnemius strain?

Published by Charlie Davidson on

What are the signs and symptoms of a gastrocnemius strain?

What are the Signs and Symptoms of a Medial Gastrocnemius Strain?

  • Sharp pain in the back of the leg (on the inner side of the knee or calf muscle).
  • Swelling of the calf and bruising of the calf down to the ankle.
  • Tenderness along the entire medial gastrocnemius muscle.

Why is the gastrocnemius prone to injury?

The gastrocnemius muscle is vulnerable to injury because it crosses 3 joints: knee, ankle and subtalar joint. While Achilles tendon injury is common, injury over the posterior calf, including the gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris, and flexor hallucis longus muscles, are far less prevalent.

What type of injury is gastrocnemius muscle?

Tennis Leg A medial gastrocnemius strain (MGS) is a specific type of injury to the calf muscle in the back of the leg. A muscle strain occurs when the muscle is stretched too far, which causes tears to occur within the muscle. A calf strain occurs when the muscle in the back of the leg sustains this type of injury.

What tendon is an extension of the gastrocnemius muscle?

The tendons of the gastrocnemius and the soleus unite to form the Achilles tendon, which technically makes the gastrocnemius’s insertion point the calcaneus (where the tendon inserts).

How do you treat gastrocnemius?

Treatment for a gastrocnemius muscle tear

  1. Rest. Avoid walking or other activities that cause pain.
  2. Ice. Putting ice on the injured area may ease swelling.
  3. Elevation.
  4. Prescription or over-the-counter medicines.
  5. Walking boot or crutches.
  6. Heel lifts.
  7. Compression sleeve.
  8. Strengthening and stretching exercises.

How do you relieve gastrocnemius pain?

Home remedies for calf pain relief

  1. R.I.C.E. (rest, ice, compression, and elevation). Icing and elevating the leg are two common principles of R.I.C.E.
  2. OTC medications. Calf pain can also be soothed with common pain relievers such as ibuprofen or naproxen.
  3. Stretching. Light stretching can help ease calf pain.

How long does it take for a gastrocnemius tear to heal?

In the less severe cases it usually takes up to three days for a pulled calf muscle to start feeling better. In the most severe cases that don’t require surgery a full recovery may take up to six weeks. In the case that the injury requires surgery the recovery period may extend up to six months to a full year.

How do you treat a tear in the gastrocnemius?

How do you treat a torn gastrocnemius muscle?

How do I activate my gastrocnemius?

Heel raises are frequently used as gastrocnemius- and soleus-strengthening exercise often performed with 3 different foot positions, neutral, IR, and ER. The rationale for using different foot positions centers on attempting to maximize the activation of both the MG and LG during an exercise bout.

What causes a strain in the gastrocnemius muscle?

Gastrocnemius is considered at high risk for strains because it crosses two joints (the knee and ankle) and has a high density of type two fast-twitch muscle fibers. A tear of the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle is due to an eccentric force being applied to the muscle when the knee is extended and the ankle is dorsiflexed.

Why is the gastrocnemius considered a high risk joint?

The gastrocnemius is considered at high risk for strains because it crosses two joints (the knee and ankle) and has a high density of type two fast twitch muscle fibers [2, 4, 5, 7]. The combination of biarthrodial architecture leading to excessive stretch and rapid forceful contraction of type two muscle fibers results in strain.

Can a gastrocnemius muscle rupture be repaired by surgery?

One case of longstanding and one of recent rupture of the musculotendinous junction of the medial head of the gastrocnemius that were successfully treated by surgical repair are presented here and the MRI characteristics and indications for surgery are discussed. © 2012 Tianjin Hospital and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

How are the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles different?

A palpable defect in the muscle helps in localization and suggests more severe injury. The origin of the gastrocnemius and soleus are anatomically distinct arising from above and below the knee respectively. This allows the examiner to isolate the activation of the muscles by varying the degree of knee flexion.

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