Is austenite FCC or BCC?
Is austenite FCC or BCC?
Austenite is a high temperature phase and has a Face Centred Cubic (FCC) structure [which is a close packed structure]. The alpha phase is called ferrite. Ferrite is a common constituent in steels and has a Body Centred Cubic (BCC) structure [which is less densely packed than FCC].
What is FMOC solid phase peptide synthesis?
In Fmoc solid-phase peptide synthesis, the peptide chain is assembled stepwise, one amino acid at a time, while attached to an insoluble resin support. This allows the reaction by-products to be removed at each step by simple washing. The Fmoc group is then removed by piperidine treatment and the process repeated.
What is Solid Phase peptide synthesis explain with example?
Solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) involves the successive addition of protected amino acid derivatives to a growing peptide chain immobilized on a solid phase, including deprotection and washing steps to remove unreacted groups and also side products.
What is meant by the phase austenite?
Austenite, also known as gamma-phase iron (γ-Fe), is a non-magnetic face-centered cubic structure phase of iron. Austenite in iron-carbon alloys is generally only present above the critical eutectoid temperature (723°C), and below 1500°C, depending on carbon content.
Is FCC stronger than BCC?
Yes the APF is important, the atomic packing factor, that is the reason FCC has more slip systems, because of the way the atoms are arranged in the crystal. Thus FCC metals deform easier than BCC metals and thus they are more ductile. BCC metals are infact stronger than FCC metals.
Is BCC or FCC more dense?
Because FCC atoms are arranged more closely together than BCC atoms, FCC metals will tend to be more dense and more stable. This is a very broad rule, however! Tungsten, one of the densest metals, is BCC. However, you can do one classic experiment to see the density change between BCC and FCC.
What is Z in peptide chemistry?
Benzyloxycarbonyl, abbreviated Z or Cbz, has long been utilized in solution phase peptide synthesis, but has little application in solid phase synthesis. In addition to alpha amine groups, reactive functional groups in amino acid side chains must also be protected to avoid undesired side reactions.
What is the first step in the solid phase peptide synthesis?
The concept of solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) is to retain chemistry that has been proven in solution but to add a covalent attachment step that links the nascent peptide chain to an insoluble polymeric support (resin). Subsequently, the anchored peptide is extended by a series of addition cycles (Fig. 18.1. 1).
What is the benefits of solid phase peptide synthesis?
General advantages of solid phase synthesis are easy purification, rapid generation of linear peptide intermediates, and precedent in the synthesis of large peptides.
Which of the following is wrong about a phase diagram?
a) It gives information on transformation rates. Relative amount of different phases can be found under given equilibrium conditions.
Is cementite a phase?
Cementite, a carbide phase of high hardness, has a more complicated orthorhombic crystal unit cell, with a ratio of three iron atoms to one carbon atom .