What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell division?

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What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell division?

The main difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell division is that the prokaryotic cell division occurs through binary fission whereas the eukaryotic cell division occurs either through mitosis or meiosis. Furthermore, prokaryotic cells lack a nucleus while eukaryotic cells have a nucleus.

What are the differences and similarities between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells?

No prokaryotic cell has a nucleus; every eukaryotic cell has a nucleus. Prokaryotic cells have no mitochondria; nearly every eukaryotic cell has mitochondria. Prokaryotic cells have no organelles enclosed in plasma membranes; every eukaryotic cell has a nucleus and organelles, each enclosed in plasma membranes.

What are 4 similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Four similarities are: 1) Both prokaryotes and eukaryotes carry out functions necessary for their survival like adaptation through evolution, cellular organization, growth, development and reproduction. 4) They have a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, vacuoles and vesicles.

What are five differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Prokaryotes don’t have membrane-bound organelles whereas eukaryotes have….Shikha Goyal.

Prokaryotic Cell Eukaryotic cell
Unicellular Multicellular
Lysosomes and Peroxisomes absent Lysosomes and Peroxisomes present
Microtubules absent Microtubules present
Endoplasmic reticulum absent Endoplasmic reticulum present

What do prokaryotes & eukaryotes have in common?

Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have structures in common. All cells have a plasma membrane, ribosomes, cytoplasm, and DNA. Ribosomes are the non-membrane bound organelles where proteins are made, a process called protein synthesis.

What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryote cell division?

Prokaryotic cell division is the process of producing daughter cells in prokaryotes. It mainly occurs through binary fission. Moreover, prokaryotes do not contain a nucleus. On the other hand, eukaryotic cell division is the process of producing daughter cells in eukaryotes. It mainly occurs through mitosis and meiosis.

How are bacteria different from archaea and eukaryotes?

Unlike Archaea and eukaryotes, bacteria have a cell wall made of peptidoglycan, comprised of sugars and amino acids, and many have a polysaccharide capsule (Figure 1). The cell wall acts as an extra layer of protection, helps the cell maintain its shape, and prevents dehydration.

Where does gene expression occur in the prokaryotic cell?

On the other hand, eukaryotic gene expression refers to the process which synthesizes a functional gene product depending on the information on the eukaryotic genes. Prokaryotic gene expression completely occurs in the cytoplasm while in eukaryotes, transcription occurs inside the nucleus and translation occurs in the cytoplasm.

Where does transcription and translation occur in the prokaryotic cell?

Transcription and translation occur simultaneously in prokaryotic gene expression, while transcription and translation are temporally segregated in eukaryotic gene expression. Moreover, prokaryotic DNA occurs in the cytoplasm while eukaryotic DNA occurs inside the nucleus.

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