Can we prevent genetic disorders?

Published by Charlie Davidson on

Can we prevent genetic disorders?

This means the common traits or characteristics or even diseases can pass on to an individual at the time of birth from his parents. Genetic disorders are not curable but can only be prevented. Genetic disorder is one of several cause of infant mortality.

How are genetic disorders diagnosed and treated?

Most of the time, genetic disorders are diagnosed through a specific test, which can include examining chromosomes or DNA (the tiny proteins that make up genes), or testing the blood for certain enzymes that may be abnormal.

What causes genetic disorders?

Genetic disorders can be caused by a mutation in one gene (monogenic disorder), by mutations in multiple genes (multifactorial inheritance disorder), by a combination of gene mutations and environmental factors, or by damage to chromosomes (changes in the number or structure of entire chromosomes, the structures that …

What kind of doctor treats genetic disorders?

A medical geneticist specializes in using genetic information and DNA tests to diagnose, treat, manage or prevent inherited genetic disorders, chromosome defects, and diseases and conditions influenced by genetic factors.

What are two major causes of genetic disorders?

What are the risks of genetic testing?

Generally genetic tests have little physical risk. Blood and cheek swab tests have almost no risk. However, prenatal testing such as amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling has a small risk of pregnancy loss (miscarriage). Genetic testing can have emotional, social and financial risks as well.

What diseases are cured by gene therapy?

Neurodegenerative Diseases. Recent progress in gene therapy has allowed for novel treatments of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s Disease and Huntington’s Disease, for which exciting treatment results have been obtained in appropriate animal models of the corresponding human diseases.

What are the top 10 genetic disorders?

Here is a list of the top 10 genetic disorders which are most common and prevalent world wide: Familial combined hyperlipidemia Familial hypercholesterolemia Dominant otosclerosis Adult polycystic kidney disease Multiple exostoses Huntington ’s disease Fragile X-syndrome Neurofibromatosis Cystic fibrosis Duchenne muscular dystrophy

What is the cure for genetic disorders?

While most genetic disorders cannot be cured, gene therapy is a ray of hope for many. Treatment with gene therapy is the treatment of various diseases by single method.Also, some of the hereditary diseases like hemophilia , color blindness and cystic fibrosis can also be cured with the help of this method.

What diseases are caused by DNA?

Some genetic diseases are called Mendelian disorders—they are caused by mutations that occur in the DNA sequence of a single gene. These are usually rare diseases; some examples are Huntington’s disease and cystic fibrosis.

Categories: Contributing