What was the Code Noir of 1685?

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What was the Code Noir of 1685?

The Code Noir established laws regulating slavery in French colonies. These laws would have applied to French Louisiana, prior to the Louisiana Purchase.

What were some of the punishments for runaway slaves according to the Code Noir?

The decree restricted the activities of free people of color, mandated the conversion of all enslaved people throughout the empire to Roman Catholicism, defined the punishments meted out to slaves, and ordered the expulsion of all Jews from France’s colonies.

What were some effects of the Code Noir in French Louisiana?

Enforcement of the Code Noir proved difficult throughout French colonial Louisiana, resulting in the cultivation of a brutal system of enslavement that nonetheless failed to control all forms of close contact between people legally identified as black and white.

What was happening in 1685?

February 6 – Catholic James Stuart, Duke of York, becomes King James II of England and Ireland, and King James VII of Scotland, in succession to his brother Charles II (1660–1685), King of England, Scotland, and Ireland since 1660. James II and VII reigns until deposed, in 1688.

What happened disabled slaves?

Plantation journals indicate that slaves with physical or sensory impairments were expected to work as long as they were able. In some cases, becoming disabled from work could lead to removal from the community of slaves, with elderly or disabled slaves being sent to live alone in the woods and fend for themselves.

How did slavery in Louisiana change under Spanish control?

Under Spanish rule, Louisiana became a more developed, successful colony, in large part because of a sizable increase in the enslaved population. During the Spanish regime, the total population of Louisiana increased from 10,000 to 30,000, and the enslaved population likewise increased from 4,500 to nearly 13,000.

What did the Code Noir do?

It required that slaves be clothed and fed and taken care of when sick. It prohibited slaves from owning property and stated that they had no legal capacity. It also governed their marriages, their burials, their punishments, and the conditions they had to meet in order to gain their freedom.

What did Code Noir mean in the 18th century?

From the 18th century, Code noir referred to codification of related texts. In 60 articles, the document specified the following: Jews could not reside in the French colonies (art. 1) Slaves must be baptized in the Roman Catholic Church (art. 2)

When was the Black Code passed in France?

Le Code Noir (transl. The Black Code ), was a decree passed by France’s King Louis XIV in 1685.

What did the Black Code of 1685 do for slaves?

The Code’s sixty articles regulated the life, death, purchase, religion, and treatment of slaves by their masters in all French colonies. It provided that the slaves should be baptized and educated in the Catholic faith.

When was the Code Noir adopted in the West Indies?

It was ratified by Louis XIV and adopted by the Saint-Domingue sovereign council in 1687 after it was rejected by the parliament. It was then applied in the West Indies in 1687, Guyana in 1704, Réunion in 1723, and Louisiana in 1724.

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