What does the Hempel oppenheim model tell us about scientific descriptions?

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What does the Hempel oppenheim model tell us about scientific descriptions?

The DN model poses scientific explanation as a deductive structure—that is, one where truth of its premises entails truth of its conclusion—hinged on accurate prediction or postdiction of the phenomenon to be explained.

What is Hempel’s covering law model of explanation?

Covering-law model, Model of explanation according to which to explain an event by reference to another event necessarily presupposes an appeal to laws or general propositions correlating events of the type to be explained (explananda) with events of the type cited as its causes or conditions (explanantia).

What is deductive-nomological approach?

Deductive-Nomological Explanation The deductive-nomological model used to be the standard conception of explanation: one explains a phenomenon by deducing the description of the phenomenon from a law and a description of the particular circumstances in which the phenomenon in question occurs.

What was the importance of the deductive-nomological model of explanation developed by the logical positivist Carl Hempel?

According to the deductive-nomological model, the explanation of a fact is thus reduced to a logical relationship between statements: the explanandum is a consequence of the explanans. This is a common method in the philosophy of logical positivism. Pragmatic aspects of explanation are not taken into consideration.

What makes an explanation true?

Historically, explanation has been associated with causation: to explain an event or phenomenon is to identify its cause. A realist interpretation of explanation holds that the entities or processes an explanation posits actually exist–the explanation is a literal description of external reality.

What makes an explanation good?

All successful explanations have a clear and logical structure to them, using words, images and analogies that pupils understand and well-chosen examples to illustrate key features.

Is Hempel an empiricist?

Princeton, New Jersey, U.S. Carl Gustav “Peter” Hempel (January 8, 1905 – November 9, 1997) was a German writer and philosopher. He was a major figure in logical empiricism, a 20th-century movement in the philosophy of science. He is also known for the raven paradox (also known as “Hempel’s paradox”).

What is Hypothetico deduction?

Hypothetico-deductive method, also called H-D method or H-D, procedure for the construction of a scientific theory that will account for results obtained through direct observation and experimentation and that will, through inference, predict further effects that can then be verified or disproved by empirical evidence …

Is Hempel a realist?

By the time Carl Hempel (who, as a logical positivist, was still fundamentally an anti-realist about unobservable entities) articulated the first real theory of explanation (1948) the explanatory power of science could be stipulated. Hempel employs the epistemic sense of explanation.

Does a good explanation need to be true?

With regard to the Natural Sciences and the Arts, good explanations do not have to reflect the truth. However, good explanations in both subjective and objective contexts must be true, for the extent to which something is true is based on belief while the extent of truthfulness is founded on reason.

When was Hempel and Oppenheim’s essay published?

Hempel and Oppenheim’s essay “Studies in the Logic of Explanation,” published in volume 15 of the journal Philosophy of Science, gave an account of the deductive-nomological explanation.

Where did Carl Hempel do most of his work?

As Hitler increased his power in Germany, Hempel, who was not Jewish but did not support the Nazi regime, moved to Brussels and began collaborating with Paul Oppenheim, which would result in several classic papers, including “Studies in the Logic of Explanation”, which appeared in 1948 (Rescher 2005: Chs. 8 and 9).

Which is an example of Hempel’s concept formation?

In his monograph Fundamentals of Concept Formation in Empirical Science (1952), Hempel describes the methods according to which physical quantities are defined. Hempel uses the example of the measurement of mass.

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