What does Appendix II of CITES mean?
What does Appendix II of CITES mean?
Appendix II: Includes species that although currently not threatened with extinction, may become so without trade controls. It also includes species that resemble other listed species and need to be regulated in order to effectively control the trade in those other listed species.
What is the difference between Appendix 1 and 2?
Appendix I includes species threatened with extinction. Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances. Appendix II includes species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.
What is appendix in CITES?
The CITES works by subjecting international trade in specimens of selected species to certain controls. Appendices I, II and III to the Convention are lists of species afforded different levels or types of protection from over-exploitation.
How many species are listed as Appendix 1 under CITES?
Over 38,700 species – including roughly 5,950 species of animals and 32,800 species of plants – are protected by CITES against over-exploitation through international trade. They are listed in the three CITES Appendices.
What is the aim of CITES?
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species.
What animals are in Appendix 2?
Caracal caracal (Only the population of Asia; all other populations are included in Appendix II.) Panthera leo (Only the populations of India; all other populations are included in Appendix II.)
Do you reference appendix?
All items that are placed in an appendix must be cited in the body of your essay/report as Appendix. If there is more than one appendix, distinguish them using letters or numbers e.g. Appendix A, Appendix B or Appendix 1, Appendix 2 etc. e.g. Order the appendix items in the same order they are referred to in text.
Is it appendix 1 or appendices 1?
An appendix (plural: appendices) is a section at the end of a book or essay containing details that aren’t essential to your work, but which could provide useful context or background material. In the main body of your essay, you should indicate when you’re referring to an appendix by citing it in parentheses.
Why are CITES important?
CITES protects these species from being excessively traded and exploited illegally and unsustainably in the wild. Without this protection their extinction would have irreversible ecological consequences and negative economic and social effects.
What percentage of plants are protected by CITES?
Roughly 5 000 species of animals and 28 000 species of plants are protected by CITES (see CITES general overview). Those species are listed in one of three Appendices, and international trade in these species is controlled according to the degree of protection they require.
Are CITES legally binding?
Although CITES is legally binding on States it is not self-executing. This means that it cannot be fully implemented until specific domestic measures have been adopted for that purpose. National laws for implementing CITES are critical to ensure that trade in protected species is legal, sustainable and traceable.
Are CITES successful?
CITES achieved successes for many of the 42 species proposals and 60 plus agenda items, including protection for several rare reptile and amphibian species trade for pets, largely via the internet.
What does Annex D of CITES refer to?
Annex D is in addition to the three Appendices of CITES and is often referred to as the “monitoring list”. It includes species that might be eligible for listing in one of the other Annexes and for which EU import levels should therefore be monitored.
Why is Appendix II of the CITES Convention important?
Appendix II lists species that are not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. It also includes so-called “look-alike species”, i.e. species whose specimens in trade look like those of species listed for conservation reasons (see Article II, paragraph 2 of the Convention).
What do you need to know about CITES Appendices?
The CITES Appendices. International trade in specimens of Appendix-II species may be authorized by the granting of an export permit or re-export certificate. No import permit is necessary for these species under CITES (although a permit is needed in some countries that have taken stricter measures than CITES requires).
What is Appendix II of the Endangered Species Act?
Appendix II lists species that are not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. It also includes so-called “look-alike species”, i.e. species whose specimens in trade look like those of species listed for conservation reasons (see Article II,…