What is Mesta What is it used for?

Published by Charlie Davidson on

What is Mesta What is it used for?

Mesta is a bast fibre, which grows extensively in India and in some parts of Eastern Asia. It is used as a substitute for jute. The fibre of Mesta is obtained from stem of Hibiscus sabdariffa varaltissima and Hibiscus Cannabinus, family Malvaceae.

What is the scientific name of Mesta?

Hibiscus cannabinus is in the genus Hibiscus and is probably native to southern Asia, though its exact natural origin is unknown. The sabdariffa (HS) mesta is commonly known as Roselle. The cannabinus (HS) mesta is commonly known as Mesta or it is also called Kenaf.

What is Jute and Mesta?

Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. In trade and. industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost. same. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy.

Where is Mesta grown?

The major Jute/Mesta growing Countries are India, Bangladesh, China, Myanmar and Thailand. However, in China and Thailand, mainly Mesta (Kenaf) in grown. In the International scenario, Mesta is mainly known as Kenaf and it is Hibiscus cannabinus. area and 41.20 % of production in the world.

Is Mesta is a Fibre crop?

Mesta is an important commercial fibre crop after Cotton and Jute. The fibre is obtained from the bark of the plants known as bast fibre or stem fibre. It is one of the cheapest fibres, generally used in mining with jute fibre.

What is the family of jute?

Nalta jute/Family

Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.

Is jute a food crop?

Jute is a rain-fed crop with little need for fertilizer or pesticides. Yields are about 2 tonnes of dry jute fibre per hectare. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibres and considered second only to cotton in amount produced and variety of uses of vegetable fibres.

Which country is the largest producer of jute?

As a leading natural fiber producing country, India accounted for more than 50 percent of global jute production.

Is Mesta a fibre crop?

Cotton, Jute and Mesta are the important fibre crops grown in the State. These crops have been the traditional cash crops of Garo Hills. Among these, Cotton has the highest area under cultivation and is grown exclusively in the Garo Hills districts.

What is jute retting?

Retting is a process in which the tied bundles of jute stalks are taken to the tank by which fibres get loosened and separated from the woody stalk. The retting process is completed in 8 to 30 days, when the barks separate out easily from the stick or wood and the fibres are ready for extraction.

What is the use of jute fibre?

Jute is used chiefly to make cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton, and to make sacks and coarse cloth. The fibers are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum. The fibers are used alone or blended with other types of fiber to make twine and rope.

What kind of crop is the Mesta plant?

Mesta is herbaceous annual plant. It is an important commercial crop after cotton and Jute. Its origin lies in Afro-Asian countries. Stem or bark of plant is used for fibre production.

What kind of disease does cannabinus Mesta have?

Seedling rot Cannabinus mesta is mainly susceptible to this disease. This disease is observed mainly under warm and high humid condition. The seedling initially develops black lesions on the cotyledons which rot and wither.

How are pests and diseases affect crop plants?

Pests and diseases are common in crop plants growing in garden and farms. Crop plants that area affected by pests and diseases do not grow well, their leaves may be rotten by pests, or their fruits may be rotten because they are diseased. Such crop plants do not produce good harvests.

Why is Mesta not a rainfed crop in India?

In India, mesta is mainly raised as a rainfed crop . Since the pattern of rainfall during the sowing and growth period is highly erratic, desired yield is not obtained in mesta crop. For obtaining good yield, along with other inputs, the water requirement of the crop is to be fulfilled.

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