How do you classify pneumonia in children?

Published by Charlie Davidson on

How do you classify pneumonia in children?

The new classification is therefore simplified to include only two categories of pneumonia; “pneumonia” with fast breathing and/or chest indrawing, which requires home therapy with oral amoxicillin, and “severe pneumonia”, pneumonia with any general danger sign, which requires referral and injectable therapy.

What are the classification of pneumonia?

The main types of pneumonia are bacterial, viral, and mycoplasma pneumonia. A cough that produces green, yellow, or bloody mucus is the most common symptom of pneumonia. Other symptoms include fever, shaking chills, shortness of breath, low energy, and extreme tiredness.

What color classification is this no pneumonia cough or cold in IMCI booklet?

If the child does not have any of the signs in the pink or yellow row, look at the green (or bottom) row, and select the classification NO PNEUMONIA: COUGH OR COLD.

Who pneumonia criteria?

In children under 5 years of age, who have cough and/or difficult breathing, with or without fever, pneumonia is diagnosed by the presence of either fast breathing or lower chest wall indrawing where their chest moves in or retracts during inhalation (in a healthy person, the chest expands during inhalation).

What antibiotics treat pneumonia in toddlers?

Beta-lactam antibiotics (eg, amoxicillin, cefuroxime, cefdinir) are preferred for outpatient management. Macrolide antibiotics (eg, azithromycin, clarithromycin) are useful in most school-aged children to cover the atypical organisms and pneumococcus.

What are the 5 types of pneumonia?

Pneumonia Types

  • Types of Pneumonia.
  • Walking Pneumonia.
  • Viral Pneumonia.
  • Bacterial Pneumonia.
  • Chemical Pneumonia.

Which lobe is mostly affected by pneumonia?

Most cases of pneumonia are caused by bacteria, usually Streptococcus pneumonia (pneumococcal disease) but viral pneumonia is more common in children. The lungs are made up of separate lobes – three in the right lung and two in the left lung. Pneumonia may affect only one lobe or be widespread in the lungs.

Which vital signs is important in classifying a child with pneumonia?

The most useful vital sign finding is oxygen saturation. Children with normal oxygen saturation (> 96%) are less likely to have pneumonia (LR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.32-0.67), compared with those with hypoxemia (LR, 2.8; 95% CI, 2.1-3.6).

What are the symptoms of severe pneumonia?

What Are the Symptoms of Pneumonia?

  • Cough, which may produce greenish, yellow or even bloody mucus.
  • Fever, sweating and shaking chills.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Rapid, shallow breathing.
  • Sharp or stabbing chest pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply or cough.
  • Loss of appetite, low energy, and fatigue.

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