What are the units of reluctance?
What are the units of reluctance?
The unit of reluctance is ampere-turns per Weber (AT/Wb) or 1/Henry or H-1.
What is a reluctance torque?
Reluctance torque is the torque generated because the motor is moving to a position where the reluctance seen by the armature flux is declining. A simple application of this principle is the refrigerator magnet, which is held in place by reluctance force.
How is reluctance measured?
Reluctance is obtained by dividing the length of the magnetic path l by the permeability times the cross-sectional area A; thus r = l/μA, the Greek letter mu, μ, symbolizing the… The reluctance of a magnetic circuit is analogous to the resistance of an electric circuit.
What is reluctance torque in SRM?
The switched reluctance motor (SRM) is an electric motor that runs by reluctance torque. Unlike common brushed DC motor types, power is delivered to windings in the stator (case) rather than the rotor. Electronic devices can precisely time the switching of currents, facilitating SRM configurations.
What is MMF formula?
Magnetomotive force (mmf), Fm = NI ampere-turns (At), where N = number of conductors (or turns) and I = current in amperes. Since ‘turns’ has no units, the SI unit of mmf is the ampere, but to avoid any possible confusion ‘ampere-turns’, (A t) are used in this chapter. Hence, mmf = NI = Hl At.
What is cogging torque in motors?
Cogging torque of electrical motors is the torque due to the interaction between the permanent magnets of the rotor and the stator slots of a permanent magnet machine. It is also known as detent or no-current torque. Cogging torque is an undesirable component for the operation of such a motor.
What is detent torque?
Detent torque is the amount of torque (the measured ability of a rotating element, as of a gear or shaft, to overcome turning resistance), that must be applied to overcome the static equilibrium of the motor when it is in an state of rest and unpowered.
What is the symbol for reluctance?
The ‘magnetic resistance’ of a magnetic circuit to the presence of magnetic flux is called reluctance. The symbol for reluctance is S (or Rm). The unit of reluctance is 1/H (or H-1) or At/Wb.
What is the reciprocal of reluctance?
Permeance is the reciprocal of reluctance is a measure of magnetic flux for a number of current turns in a magnetic circuit. The SI unit of magnetic permeance is Weber per ampere-turn that is H (henry). The permeance is analogous to the conductance in an electrical circuit.
What are the two types of SRM?
Based on the construction the SRM is divided into two categories. One is linear SRM and another one is rotary SRM.
What causes torque ripple?
Dr. Nir Vaks: Torque ripple is created by harmonics in the electromagnetic torque, which exist in all electric machines regardless of type or design. The harmonics are created by non-idealities in the electromagnetic fields produced by the rotor and stator interaction.
Where does reluctance torque come from in a motor?
Reluctance torque is mainly developed in the reluctance motor. It is produced in the motor due to the varying reluctance. Their stability limit can occur between +δ/4 to -δ/4. The stator of the reluctance motor is similar to single phase induction motor and their rotor is generally a squirrel cage.
What causes reluctance torque in a steel bar?
Reluctance torque, also known as aligment torque, is due to the forces that occur when a magnetic material interacts with a magnetic field. This is similar to the force between a magnet and a steel bar. The animation below shows how tha air gap flux density changes with rotor position and plot the normalized torque at each rotor position.
How is reluctance torque related to a phasor?
This relationship can also be written as the cross-product of the two phasors: Reluctance torque, also known as aligment torque, is due to the forces that occur when a magnetic material interacts with a magnetic field. This is similar to the force between a magnet and a steel bar.
How is torque used in an electric car?
Reluctance torque is exclusively used in sycnhronous reluctance and switched reluctance machines, and is a significant component of the torque in interior permanent magnet machines, which are commonly found in electric drivetrains for vehicles such as the Toyota Prius.