How do you treat fowl cholera in chickens?

Published by Charlie Davidson on

How do you treat fowl cholera in chickens?

Treatment. The most efficient treatment in breeding flocks or laying hens is individual intramuscular injections of a long-acting tetracycline, with the same antibiotic in drinking water, simultaneously. The mortality and clinical signs will stop within one week, but the bacteria might remain present in the flock.

What are the causes of fowl cholera?

Fowl cholera is caused by Pasteurella multocida, which is a Gram-negative, nonmotile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium. The species P. multocida includes the subspecies multocida, septica, and gallicida.

Is there a vaccine for fowl cholera?

Poulvac® Cholera PM-1 is indicated for the prevention of disease due to P. multocida Type 1 infection (fowl cholera) in chickens. Chickens should be in good health when vaccinated and not under any environmental, physical or social stress.

Is fowl cholera infectious?

Fowl cholera is an infectious avian disease caused by the bacterium, Pasteurella multocida. A wide variety of wild and domestic birds are susceptible, and outbreaks of fowl cholera are not uncommon among wild waterfowl.

How contagious is fowl cholera?

It can become airborne when birds take flight or land and once airborne, it can be inhaled. Avian cholera can also be transmitted by way of ingestion of contaminated food or water and this is likely the most common route of transmission.

What kind of birds are affected by fowl cholera?

Fowl cholera. As the causative agent is Pasteurella multocida, it is considered as a zoonosis . Adult birds and old chickens are more susceptible. In parental flocks, cocks are far more susceptible than hens. Besides chickens, the disease also concerns turkeys, ducks, geese, raptors, and canaries.

Is there a way to isolate fowl cholera?

Isolation may be improved by the addition of 5% heat-inactivated serum. P multocida can be readily isolated from viscera of birds dying from peracute/acute fowl cholera, whereas isolation from suppurative lesions of chronic cholera may be more difficult.

How long does it take for fowl cholera to go away?

The most efficient treatment in breeding flocks or laying hens is individual intramuscular injections of a long-acting tetracycline, with the same antibiotic in drinking water, simultaneously. The mortality and clinical signs will stop within one week, but the bacteria might remain present in the flock.

How many serotypes are there for fowl cholera?

Strains that cause fowl cholera represent a number of immunotypes (or serotypes). P multocida can be subgrouped by capsule serogroup antigens into five capsular types (A, B, C, D, and F) and into 16 somatic serotypes.

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