What were the two Viceroyalties of Spain?

Published by Charlie Davidson on

What were the two Viceroyalties of Spain?

This move resulted in two new viceroyalties: New Granada and Río de la Plata. As in New Spain, independence movements here began in the early nineteenth century, with Peru achieving sovereignty in 1820.

What were the Spanish viceroys?

Viceroy (virrey) was the title given to the principal governors of Spain’s American colonies, as well as to the governors of the “kingdoms” (reinos) of peninsular Spain proper (e.g., Aragon, Valencia). The viceroys were appointed by the king of Spain and the Council of the Indies from among noble Spanish families.

Where was the Viceroyalty of Peru?

Viceroyalty of Peru, Spanish Virreinato de Peru, the second of the four viceroyalties that Spain created to govern its domains in the Americas. Established in 1543, the viceroyalty initially included all of South America under Spanish control except for the coast of what is now Venezuela.

What is New Spain today?

New Spain was the name that the Spanish gave to the area that today is central and southern Mexico, and since the capital city of the Viceroyalty was in Mexico City, the name was also used for the viceroyalty. New Spain also included Venezuela before it was annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717.

How many Viceroyalties did Spain have?

four viceroyalties
Viceroyalty of New Spain, Spanish Virreinato de Nueva España, the first of the four viceroyalties that Spain created to govern its conquered lands in the New World.

Who colonized Peru?

Spanish Empire
It was conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century, which established a Viceroyalty with jurisdiction over most of its South American domains. The nation declared independence from Spain in 1821, but consolidated only after the Battle of Ayacucho three years later.

Does Peru have royalty?

In 1811, Viceroyalty of Peru declared independence from the Spanish Empire, along with Chile, Gran Colombia and the United Kingdom, in 1826, the Spanish just couldn’t take it anymore and gave them independence as a monarchy, making José de San Martin (later known as Martin I) the king of Peru.

What is the feminine of viceroy?

The term vicereine is sometimes used to indicate a female viceroy suo jure, although viceroy can serve as a gender-neutral term. Vicereine is more commonly used to indicate a viceroy’s wife.

Who is India’s first viceroy?

Lord Canning
… restored by the firmness of Charles John Canning (later Earl Canning), first viceroy of India (governed…… On November 1, 1858, Lord Canning (governed 1856–62) announced Queen Victoria’s proclamation to “the…… …

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