What is the encomienda system simple definition?

Published by Charlie Davidson on

What is the encomienda system simple definition?

Encomienda, in Spain’s American and Philippine colonies, legal system by which the Spanish crown attempted to define the status of the indigenous population. It was based upon the practice of exacting tribute from Muslims and Jews during the Reconquista (“Reconquest”) of Muslim Spain.

What was the encomienda system quizlet?

The encomienda system was a labour system under which the Tainos had to work in the fields and mines belonging to the Spaniards. You just studied 7 terms!

What was the encomienda system and why was it important?

The encomienda system reveals one of the earliest instances of protest against slave labor and mistreatment of native peoples in the New World. Bartolomé de las Casas had an enormous influence on the passage of the New Laws that would phase out the system, although this abolition was delayed by the Spanish crown.

Where was the encomienda system used?

The encomienda system was put in place in several areas, most importantly in Peru. Under the encomienda system, prominent Spaniards were entrusted with Native Peruvian communities. In exchange for the stolen labor of Indigenous people and tribute, the Spanish lord would provide protection and education.

What system replaced the encomienda system?

repartimiento system
The encomienda system was generally replaced by the crown-managed repartimiento system throughout Spanish America after mid-sixteenth century.

What was the real motivation behind the encomienda system quizlet?

Why was is introduced? At the beginning, the encomienda system was introduced with the intention of looking after the welfare of the natives, to educate them as well as to teach them Christianity.

Why did slavery replace the encomienda system?

8. What replaced the Encomienda System? It was gradually replaced by African slave labor because Africans were more immune to European diseases than Natives.

What was the root of the encomienda system?

The encomienda had its roots in the Spanish Reconquista (reconquest) of the Iberian Peninsula from the eighth to the fifteenth centuries. After the conquest of Granada in 1492, the Spanish crown parceled out lands as encomiendas to soldiers who were, in turn, to Christianize the Moors.

What is the difference between an encomienda and a hacienda?

Haciendas were developed as profit-making, economic enterprises linked to regional or international markets. Encomenderos were in a position to retain their prominence economically via the hacienda. Since the encomienda was a grant from the crown, holders were dependent on the crown for its continuation.

What is the right for the encomienda?

Encomienda, the right to control the labor of and collect tribute from an Indian community, granted to subjects, especially the first conquerors and their descendants, as a reward for service to the Spanish crown.

What did the institution of encomienda allowed?

The encomienda allowed the Europeans to create a barrier between Spaniard and Tainos based solely on race, socially elevating the Spanish. This institution did not maintain its peaceful integrity very long and proved to be nothing more than an infantile form of slavery.

How did the encomienda work?

The encomienda system was a method by which the Spanish crown rewarded colonial settlers by entrusting them with a group of natives whom they would civilize and convert to Christianity, in return for gifts in the form of labor, taxes, or goods as tribute.

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