# What does the 4 square step test measure?

## What does the 4 square step test measure?

The Four Square Step Test (FSST) is used to assess dynamic stability and the ability of the subject to step over low objects forward, sideways, and backward.

### What is the alternate step test?

The alternate-step test (AST) is a modified version of the Berg stool-stepping task [17]. It involves weight shifting and provides a measure of lateral stability. This test involved alternatively placing the entire left and right feet (shoes removed) as fast as possible onto a step that was 18 cm high and 40 cm deep.

What does 5x sit to stand assess?

Description: Assesses functional lower extremity strength, transitional movements, balance, and fall risk. Equipment: Stopwatch; standard height chair with straight back (16 inches high); Therapist Instructions: Have the patient sit with their back against the back of the chair.

How is the Harvard step test calculated?

Scoring the Test Short Form Equation – Fitness Index = (100 x test duration in seconds) divided by (5.5 x pulse count between 1 and 1.5 minutes). Long Form Equation – Fitness Index = (100 x test duration in seconds) divided by (2 x sum of heart beats in the recovery periods).

## What is the Harvard step test used for?

The Harvard step test, in scientific literature sometimes referred to as the Brouha Test, is a type of cardiac stress test for detecting and diagnosing cardiovascular disease. It is also a good measurement of fitness and a person’s ability to recover after a strenuous exercise by checking the recovery rate.

### How do you score a 5 sit to stand test?

Five times Sit to Stand Test: Method: Use a straight back chair with a solid seat that is 16” high. Ask participant to sit on the chair with arms folded across their chest. Instructions: “Stand up and sit down as quickly as possible 5 times, keeping your arms folded across your chest.”

How long is the 4 square step test?

4 square step test Purpose· Test of dynamic balance that clinically assesses the person’s ability to step over objects forward, sideways, and backwards Age matched Norms: Acute stroke: 20.8 seconds- 17.5 seconds Older adults/geriatrics: 32.6 seconds (multiple fallers)/ 17.6 seconds (non-fallers)

Which is better the four square step test or FSST?

However, FSST was preferred by participants because they felt it was relevant to daily life and examined challenging skills (Blennerhassett and Jayalath, 2008). The Four Square Step Test may be helpful in identifying individuals (older adults > 65 y/o) with vestibular disorders who have difficulty changing directions (Whitney 2007).

## Who are the authors of the four square step test?

Hoffman, Renee and Bucholz, Hannah, “Standard and Cognitive Four Square Step Test (FSST)” (2019). Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects. 679. https://commons.und.edu/pt-grad/679 STANDARD AND COGNITIVE FOUR SQUARE STEP TEST (FSST) by Renee Hoffman Bachelor of Science in Biology Northern State University, 2016 and Hannah Bucholz

### Can a cane be used for the four square step test?

The Four Square Step Test (FSST) Provide close supervision throughout due to risk of tripping. A cane is allowed as an assistive device for the test. If patient hits a cane with foot or has loss of balance, no score is given and the trial is repeated.

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