Why did the Springhill mining disaster occur?

Published by Charlie Davidson on

Why did the Springhill mining disaster occur?

The 1956 explosion occurred on November 1, 1956, when a mine train hauling a load of fine coal dust up to the surface of the 25-year-old Number 4 colliery to remove it from the pithead encountered a heavy flow of ventilation air being forced down the shaft by surface fans.

How deep was the Springhill mine?

14,300 feet
2 was an old mine, and at 14,300 feet, believed to be the deepest in the world. This depth, combined with its average pitch of 25 degrees, made the mine prone to small “bumps”.

How many people died in the Springhill Mine Disaster?

The first Springhill Mine Disaster occurred on 21 February 1891, when accumulated coal dust caused an horrific explosion which swept through Nos. 1 and 2 Collieries, leaving 125 dead and dozens more injured.

When did Springhill mine close?

1970
Nova Scotia was Canada’s largest coal producer from 1867 until 1914, partially due to tariffs on foreign coal in Canada and the high demand for coal in other provinces in the late 1800s. After the two disasters in the 1950s, operations were downscaled and the mine officially closed in 1970.

Who wrote the Springhill Mining Disaster?

Ewan MacColl
1 . Nigel Denver sang Peggy Seeger’s song as Springhill Disaster on his 1964 eponymous Decca album Nigel Denver . He noted: This song was written by Ewan MacColl after a mining disaster in Nova Scotia in 1958 where only a small percentage of the miners came out alive.

What is a bump in a coal mine?

Coal mine bumps involve the violent, rapid failure of coal and rock around a mine excavation. Deep coal mines with strong roof and floor rocks and high-stress conditions frequently experience face and rib bumps.

What causes a bump in a mine?

A coal mine bump (a bump, a mine bump, a mountain bump, or a rock burst) is a seismic jolt occurring within an underground mine due to the explosive collapse of one or more support pillars,. As mining proceeds, the weight of rock overburden previously supported by coal mined from rooms is redistributed to pillars.

What is rock bump?

The sudden release of the weight of the rocks over a coal seam or of enormous lateral stresses due to structural or tectonic folds and thrusts and sometimes both. A rock bump may take the form of a pressure bump or a shock bump.

What was the date of the Springhill Mine disaster?

Women waiting, Springhill Mine Disaster, 23 October 1958. Nova Scotia Archives, Maurice Crosby no. 39 / negative no. 1997- 254/005#39.1 N; scan 200502508. In the evening of October 23, 1958, a bump wracked No. 2 mine in Springhill.

When was the last mining disaster in Nova Scotia?

There were several mining disasters in the town of Springhill, Nova Scotia, however, this particular song makes mention that this is the last of the disasters in 1958.

When was the Springhill coalfield in Nova Scotia established?

The mines in the Springhill coalfield were established in the 19th century, and by the early 1880s were being worked by the Cumberland Coal & Railway Company Ltd. and the Springhill & Parrsboro Coal & Railway Company Ltd.

Who was the last survivor of the Springhill Disaster?

On November 7, 1958 (a week after the last survivors were rescued from The Bump), bluegrass musician Bill Clifton recorded “Springhill Disaster”, a song that he adapted from a poem written by the celebrated survivor, Maurice Ruddick.

Categories: Contributing