What does eukaryote mean in medical terms?

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What does eukaryote mean in medical terms?

Eukaryote: An organism that consists of one or more cells each of which has a nucleus and other well-developed intracellular compartments. Eukaryotes include all organisms except bacteria, viruses, and certain (blue-green) algae which, by contrast, are prokaryotes. See: Prokaryote.

What is a eukaryote easy definition?

Eukaryote, any cell or organism that possesses a clearly defined nucleus. The eukaryotic cell has a nuclear membrane that surrounds the nucleus, in which the well-defined chromosomes (bodies containing the hereditary material) are located.

Why is it called eukaryote?

Eukaryotes (/juːˈkærioʊts, -əts/) are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within a nuclear envelope. Eukaryotes belong to the domain Eukaryota or Eukarya; their name comes from the Greek εὖ (eu, “well” or “good”) and κάρυον (karyon, “nut” or “kernel”).

What are 5 examples of eukaryotes?

Eukaryotic Cells Examples

  • Animals such as cats and dogs have eukaryotic cells.
  • Plants such as apple trees have eukaryotic cells.
  • Fungi such as mushrooms have eukaryotic cells.
  • Protists such as amoeba and paramecium have eukaryotic cells.
  • Insects have eukaryotic cells.
  • Humans are composed entirely of eukaryotic cells.

Is a bacteria a eukaryote?

All cells fall into one of these two broad categories. Only the single-celled organisms of the domains Bacteria and Archaea are classified as prokaryotes—pro means before and kary means nucleus. Animals, plants, fungi, and protists are all eukaryotes—eu means true—and are made up of eukaryotic cells.

What is a prokaryote simple definition?

Prokaryote, also spelled procaryote, any organism that lacks a distinct nucleus and other organelles due to the absence of internal membranes. Bacteria are among the best-known prokaryotic organisms. The lack of internal membranes in prokaryotes distinguishes them from eukaryotes.

What are 2 examples of prokaryotes?

Examples of prokaryotes are bacteria, archaea, and cyanobacteria (blue-green algae).

What are 10 examples of eukaryotic cells?

Give 10 example of eukaryotic cell

  • Animal cells. (Humans, Dog, cat)
  • plant cells.
  • fungi. (Yeast, Rhizopus, mushrooms)
  • algae. (Golden Algae, Brown algae)
  • Protozoa. (Amoeba, Rhizopoda)
  • Eukaryotic Cell: • Eukaryotic cells are the cells, which contains nucleus in them. •

Do bacteria have DNA?

The genetic material of bacteria and plasmids is DNA. Bacterial viruses (bacteriophages or phages) have DNA or RNA as genetic material. The two essential functions of genetic material are replication and expression.

What is the medical definition of an eukaryote?

Medical Definition of eukaryote. : any of a domain (Eukarya) or a higher taxonomic group (Eukaryota) above the kingdom that includes organisms composed of one or more cells containing visibly evident nuclei and organelles — compare prokaryote.

What does eucytota stand for in medical dictionary?

/eu·kary·ote/ (u-kar´e-ōt) an organism whose cells have a true nucleus bounded by a nuclear membrane within which lie the chromosomes; eukaryotic cells also contain many membrane-bound organelles in which cellular functions are performed.

Which is an example of an eukaryote domain?

: any of a domain (Eukarya) or a higher taxonomic group (Eukaryota) above the kingdom that includes organisms composed of one or more cells containing visibly evident nuclei and organelles — compare archaea, bacterium, prokaryote Examples of eukaryote in a Sentence

What makes up the nucleus of an eukaryotic cell?

an organism of the Eucaryotae, whose cells (eukaryotic cells) have a true nucleus that is bounded by a nuclear membrane, contains the chromosomes, and divides by mitosis. Eukaryotic cells also contain membrane-bound organelles, such as mitochondria, chloroplasts, lysosomes, and the Golgi apparatus.

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