How is a colloid cyst on the thyroid treated?

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How is a colloid cyst on the thyroid treated?

Treating nodules that cause hyperthyroidism

  1. Radioactive iodine. Doctors use radioactive iodine to treat hyperthyroidism.
  2. Anti-thyroid medications. In some cases, your doctor may recommend an anti-thyroid medication such as methimazole (Tapazole) to reduce symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
  3. Surgery.

What is a colloid cyst thyroid?

A thyroid colloid cyst (TCC) is a common benign thyroid nodule, which shows marked follicular dilatation, epithelial flattening, and a dense viscous material comprising a concentrated solution of thyroglobulin on histological analysis [6].

Can a thyroid colloid cyst be cancerous?

Colloid nodules: These are one or more overgrowths of normal thyroid tissue. These growths are benign (not cancer). They may grow large, but they do not spread beyond the thyroid gland. Thyroid cysts: These are growths that are filled with fluid or partly solid and partly filled with fluid.

What causes thyroid colloid cysts?

This is called a toxic nodular goiter. Colloid nodular goiters are also known as endemic goiters and are usually caused by inadequate iodine in diet. They tend to occur in certain geographical areas with iodine-depleted soil, usually areas away from the sea coast.

What are the symptoms of a colloid cyst?

Because a colloid cyst can obstruct the flow of fluid into the brain’s third ventricle, it requires immediate medical attention. Common symptoms of colloid cysts include memory problems, headaches, loss of consciousness, and confusion.

Do thyroid cysts need to be removed?

Most noncancerous, or benign, thyroid nodules do not need treatment unless they are a cosmetic concern or cause symptoms including problems with swallowing, breathing, or speaking and neck discomfort.

Should a colloid cyst be removed?

Fortunately, most symptomatic or large colloid cysts can now be safely removed through a minimally invasive endoscopic technique or brain port technique via a quarter-sized bony opening in the skull. This procedure typically resolves the hydrocephalus and associated symptoms.

How serious is a colloid cyst?

The location of these cysts within the third ventricle and the potential for blockage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the cause for concern. In fact, untreated colloid cysts on very rare occasion can cause sudden loss of consciousness and even death.

Do thyroid cysts go away on their own?

Thyroid nodules don’t always need treatment. Most go away on their own. In some cases, the doctor may shrink a thyroid cyst by removing fluid from it with a needle, recommend surgery to remove the nodule, or prescribe medicine.

Can a cyst on the thyroid be benign?

A thyroid colloid cyst is one type of noncancerous (benign) thyroid nodule. Thyroid nodules are very common, with about 60% of adults having at least one. Fortunately, the vast majority, about 95% of these, are noncancerous. Here’s what you should know about diagnosis and treatment for a thyroid colloid cyst.

Can a thyroid cyst be filled with fluid?

In a colloid thyroid nodule, the overgrowth may multiply. However, colloid thyroid nodules remain in the thyroid and do not spread to other areas of the body. If a thyroid nodule is filled with fluid, it is considered “cystic.” Colloid nodules may be completely fluid-filled or partially-fluid filled with some solid areas.

Is the cyst of a colloid nodule cancerous?

Colloid nodules may be completely fluid-filled or partially-fluid filled with some solid areas. Purely cystic nodules (meaning 100% fluid-filled) are rarely cancerous. 2

How is radioactive iodine used to treat thyroid nodules?

Radioactive iodine. Your doctor may use radioactive iodine to treat hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules and goiters with several nodules. The radioactive iodine is absorbed into the thyroid gland, causing the nodules to shrink. Pregnant women and women trying to become pregnant should not have this treatment. Surgery.

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