Where is the Transcaucasus region?

Published by Charlie Davidson on

Where is the Transcaucasus region?

Transcaucasia, Russian Zakavkazye, small but densely populated region to the south of the Caucasus Mountains. It includes three independent states: Georgia in the northwest, Azerbaijan in the east, and Armenia, situated largely on a high mountainous plateau south of Georgia and west of Azerbaijan.

What is the capital of Transcaucasia?

Tiflis
Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic

Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic Закавказская демократическая федеративная республика
Capital Tiflis
Common languages Armenian Azerbaijani Georgian Russian
Government Federative republic
• President Nikolay Chkheidze

What are Transcaucasian republics?

The TSFSR comprised Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, traditionally known as the “Transcaucasian Republics” as they were separated from Russia by the Caucasus Mountains. The TSFSR was one of the four republics to sign the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR establishing the Soviet Union in 1922.

What is the importance of Transcaucasia?

People have long used Transcaucasia as a migration route, especially as a gateway between Europe and Asia. Trade routes near the Black Sea led to the thriving commercial regions of Mediterranean Europe. And trade routes leading to the Far East began on the shores of the Caspian Sea.

What languages are spoken in Transcaucasia?

Caucasian languages, also called Paleo-Caucasian, or Ibero-Caucasian, group of languages indigenous to Transcaucasia and adjacent areas of the Caucasus region, between the Black and Caspian seas.

Is Transcaucasia in Asia or Europe?

Transcaucasia, also known as the South Caucasus, is a geographical region in the vicinity of the southern Caucasus Mountains on the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Transcaucasia roughly corresponds to modern Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. Total area of these countries is about 186,100 square kilometres.

What countries make up the Transcaucasian republics?

Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia make up the Transcaucasian Republics. These three nations lie in the Caucasus Mountains between the Black and Caspian seas.

Which two seas is Transcaucasia located between?

The Caucasus (/ˈkɔːkəsəs/), or Caucasia, (/kɔːˈkeɪʒə/), is a region spanning Europe and Asia. It is situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and mainly occupied by Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and parts of Southern Russia.

Why did Britain want control over Afghanistan?

The Great Game between England and Russia began in 1830 and lasted throughout the 19th century. The British were concerned about Russian advances in Central Asia. England used Afghanistan as a buffer state to protect all approaches to British India from a Russian invasion.

What was the name of the Transcaucasian Federation?

During the October Revolution, the provinces of the Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) seceded from the Empire and formed their own federal state called the Transcaucasian Federation.

Where are the three independent states of Transcaucasia?

Transcaucasia. Transcaucasia, Russian Zakavkazye, a small but densely populated region to the south of the Caucasus Mountains. It includes three independent states: Georgia in the northwest, Azerbaijan in the east, and Armenia, situated largely on a high mountainous plateau south of Georgia and west of Azerbaijan.

Why was there so much diversity in Transcaucasia?

Ethnic and cultural diversity in Transcaucasia was preserved by the geographic isolation of the many small ethnic groups that settled in the region’s inhospitable mountainous terrain. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.

What are the names of the mountains in Transcaucasia?

The great historic barrier of the Caucasus Mountains rises up across the wide isthmus separating the Black and Caspian seas where Europe and Asia converge. Caucasia, the region including the mountain ranges of the Caucasus, comprises both Transcaucasia and the land north of the Caucasus, known as Ciscaucasia or Northern Caucasia.

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