Was Transvaal a colony?
Was Transvaal a colony?
The Peace of Vereeniging (May 31, 1902) ended the independence of the Transvaal, which became a British crown colony under the administration of Sir Alfred Milner. The British restored internal self-government to the Transvaal in 1906.
Who settled in Transvaal?
The Orange Free State and the Transvaal (officially the South African Republic) were independent countries in southern Africa in the 19th century established largely by Dutch/Afrikaans-speaking settlers known as the Boers (Boer translates to “farmer” in Dutch).
Who was the Governor of Cape Colony in 1854?
When he arrived at the Cape in 1854, Grey succeeded Sir George Cathcart as Governor and High Commissioner of the Cape Colony. At this time, Britain was facing war in the Crimea (1853-56) and the Indian Mutiny (1857).
Who was the first governor of the Cape Colony?
Jan van Riebeeck
Jan van Riebeeck, the first Dutch governor of the Cape Colony, dies. Johan Anthonisz “Jan” van Riebeeck died on 18 January 1677 at the age of 57 in Batavia, now Jakarta, Indonesia, in the former Dutch East Indies.
Why were Dutch settlers called Boers?
Page 3 – The Boers The term Boer, derived from the Afrikaans word for farmer, was used to describe the people in southern Africa who traced their ancestry to Dutch, German and French Huguenot settlers who arrived in the Cape of Good Hope from 1652.
Is South Africa a British colony today?
The country became a fully sovereign nation state within the British Empire, in 1934 following enactment of the Status of the Union Act. The monarchy came to an end on 31 May 1961, replaced by a republic as the consequence of a 1960 referendum, which legitimised the country becoming the Republic of South Africa.
Why did the Dutch invade South Africa?
Cape Town was founded by the Dutch East India Company or the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) in 1652 as a refreshment outpost. The outpost was intended to supply VOC ships on their way to Asia with fresh fruits, vegetables, meat and to enable sailors wearied by the sea to recuperate.
Did the Dutch invade South Africa?
Increased European encroachment ultimately led to the colonisation and occupation of South Africa by the Dutch. The Cape Colony remained under Dutch rule until 1795 before it fell to the British Crown, before reverting back to Dutch Rule in 1803 and again to British occupation in 1806.